48693_007之Goldfinger 金手指等390个文件_

锘挎澀宸炴寜鎽╁簵鏈夋湇鍔″悧
鈥攁s if, in their 鏉窞鎸夋懇瓒崇枟鎶€甯?dealings with their fellow-countrymen, they had neither souls nor consciences鈥攊t can be no matter for surprise if they should come by insensible degrees to think and act as mercenaries…. One set or other of party politicians鈥攖he occurrence is quite as conceivable in the case of a unionist Government as in that of 鏉窞娲楁荡鍝噷濂?a Liberal鈥攊ssues certain orders, which it would never dare to issue to a conscript army, and these orders, to its immense surprise, are not obeyed. Thereupon a Government, which only the day before {399} seemed to be established securely on a House of Commons majority and the rock of tradition, is seen to be powerless. The army in its own eyes鈥攑ossibly in that of public opinion also鈥攈as stood between the people and injustice. It has refused to be made the instrument for performing an act of tyranny and oppression. 鏉窞鍝佽尪涓婅寰俊 Possibly in sorrow and disgust it dissolves itself and ceases to exist. Possibly, on the other hand, it glows with the approbation of its own conscience; begins to admire its own strength, and not improbably to wonder, if it might not be good for the country were soldiers to put forth their strong arm rather more often, in 鏉窞涓嬫矙鏄偖鍩?order to restrain the politicians from following evil courses. This of course is the end of democracy and the beginning of militarism.

An army which starts by playing the popular role of benefactor, or liberator, will end very speedily by becoming the instrument of a military despotism. We need look no farther back than Cromwell and his major-generals for an example. We have been in the habit of regarding such contingencies as remote and mediaeval; none the less we had all but started on this fatal course in 鏉窞鎸夋懇涓€鏉¤ the spring and summer of last year. We were then saved, not by the wisdom of statesmen鈥攆or these only increased the danger by the spectacle which they

鏉窞spa鐢锋妧甯? width==90%

afforded of timidity, temper, and equivocation鈥攂ut solely by the present war which, though it has brought us many horrors, has averted, for a time at least, what is infinitely the worst of all.

SERVICE AND SUFFRAGE

The conclusion is plain. A democracy which asserts the right of manhood suffrage, while denying the duty of manhood service, is living in a fool’s paradise.

{400}

A democracy which does not fully identify itself with its army, which does not treat its army with honour and as an equal, but which treats it, on the contrary, as ill-bred and ill-tempered people treat their servants鈥攚ith a mixture, that is, of fault-finding and condescension鈥攊s following a very perilous 鏉窞涓濊浼氭墍浠锋牸琛?path.

An army which does not 鏉窞鐢峰+浼氭墍鍝釜濂芥帹鑽?receive the treatment it deserves, and which at the same time is ordered by the politicians to perform services which, upon occasions, it may hold to be inconsistent with its honour, is a danger to the state.

A democracy which, having refused to train itself for its own defence, thinks nevertheless that it can safely raise the issue of ‘the Army versus the People,’ is mad.

[1] This was the German period of training for infantry. The National Service League proposal was four months.

[2] The pay of the Frenc